The National Museums of Rome
The National Museums of Rome keep a huge quantity of archeological, artistic, historical treasures, unique in the world.
Several works of art of the most famous painters and sculptors of ages past are jealously stored in the numerous museums of the Italian capital.
Of great interest are all the museums hosted in various historical buildings of Rome, I can mention the famous Borghese Gallery, the National Gallery of modern and contemporary art, the Venice Palace Museums, the Corsini Palace Museum, and the Barberini Palace Museum.
And an honorable mention to the Vatican Museums.
And the one of you that will decide to take a tour of Rome must not fail to include at least one of those museums.
Rome it's not only archeological site or monuments, but also works of art and important archeological finds.
every first Sunday of the month, museums, galleries, archeological sites, have free entry for all kind of visitors
The Borghese Gallery, thanks to the quantity and quality of the artworks exposed, can be considered one of the most important and known museums of Rome and Italy.
In it is stored the largest number of Caravaggio artworks, but also painting and sculpture of the major artist of the Italian Renaissance and baroque, bas-reliefs and ancient mosaics, works of art ranging from the XV to the XVIII Century.
The same Borghese Gallery is a piece of work! The ground floor comprises 8 rooms (Sala della Paolina, Sala del Sole, Sala di Apollo e Dafne, Sala degli Imperatori, Sala dell'Ermafrodito, Sala del Gladiatore, Sala Egizia, Sala del Sileno).
While the first floor has 12 (Sala di Didone, Sala di Ercole, Sala della pittura ferrarese, Sala delle Baccanti, Sala della Fama, Loggia di Lanfranco, Sala dell'Aurora, Sala della Flora, Sala del Conte di Angers, Sala di Giove e Antiope, Sala di Elena e Paride, Sala di Psiche).
Borghese Gallery artworks
Among the numerous works, you can see the "Apollo and Dafne", the "Ratto di Proserpina" of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
The "David", the "Paolina Bonaparte" of Antonio Canova.
Numerous works of Caravaggio such "Il Fanciullo con canestro di frutta" 1593-1594, the "Madonna dei Palafrenieri" 1605-1606, the "San Giovanni Battista" 1610.
The most important works of Raffaello at Borghese Gallery are the "Ritratto Virile" 1504, the "Ritratto di Dama con Liocorno" 1506 and the "Deposizione Baglioni" 1507.
The Pieter Paul Rubens paintings that you can admire here are the "Deposizione nel sepolcro" 1601, the "Susanna e i vecchioni” 1607.
The Tiziano painting like the “L’amor Sacro e l’Amor Profano” 1513, or the Parmigianino “Ritratto del Pianerlotto” 1531, the Pinturicchio “Crocifisso tra i santi Girolamo e Cristoforo” 1475.
Other artist hosted here are Lorenzo Lotto, Antonello da Messina, Annibale Carracci, il Bacchiacca and Giovanni Bellini.
National Gallery of modern and contemporary art
The National Gallery of modern and contemporary art, aka GNAM, is the biggest collection of the Italian contemporary art with over 4400 paintings and sculptures, and about 13000 drawings and prints from artists of the 19th-20th centuries.
The Gallery was built in 1883. The museum consists of 55 rooms and spans through two centuries of art.
The majority of the artworks are from Italian artists, but there are exceptions with artists from other nations.
The quantity of the works is too big to start writing names here, that's why I suggest you to come and see it.
Just a few name of the major artists you can find here: Amedeo Modigliani, Giovanni Fattori, Giorgio de Chirico, Mario Sironi, Renato Guttuso and Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Claude Monet, Edgard Degas.
Video credits to Tina Dibene.
National Gallery of ancient art
The National Gallery of ancient art, hosted inside Barberini Palace, was established in 1893 as a result of the donation of Prince Cosini's collection. Followed by the Torlonia collection in 1892, and other such Chigi, Hertz, Monte di Pietà.
The works hosted here are numerous and of big value, coming from the XVI and XVII centuries, or even from the XII century.
A large part of the museum is dedicated to the XVI century art, Raffaello, Andrea del Sarto, Sodoma, Bronzino, Tintoretto, Tiziano, El Greco, and Caravaggio, just to name some.
The XVII century is represented by the works of Reni, Domenichino, Guercino, Lanfranco, Bernini, Poussin, Pietro da Cortona and Gaulli.
The Capitoline Museum covers about 13000 square meters and guards an artistic heritage of great value.
Officially opened to the public in 1734 is still considered the first museum in the world that gave the possibility to be visited from everyone.
The historical seat is constituted by both the Palazzo dei Conservatori and Palazzo Nuovo, both visible from the Campidoglio.
1471 can be considered the year of its foundation, whenPope Sisto IV donated to Rome a precious collection of Laterano Bronzes.
One of its more important work and symbol of the Museum is the statue of Marco Aurelio located in the Roman garden behind the Palazzo dei Conservatori.
In Palazzo Nuovo is stored the Pinacoteca (art gallery) of the Capitoline Museum, here stand out the celebrated Caravaggio's "San Giovani Battista" and the Lupa Capitolina, the symbol of Rome.
The Vatican Museums are one of the most important not only in Rome but in the world. Here is stored one of the most considerable art collection, thanks to all the artworks collected from the Popes throughout the centuries.
They were founded by Pope Giulio II in 1506 but were opened to the public only in 1771 by Pope Clemente XIV.
The Sistine Chapel and the Popes apartment painted by Michelangelo and Raffaello form part of the Museum and the visitor can visit them.
The first artifact is a marble sculpture bought 500 years ago. It represents Laocoön and was found on January 14th of 1506 in a vineyard.
Every year more than 5 million people visit the masterpieces displayed in the 7Km of halls and corridors of the Vatican Museums, making it the 5th most visited museum in the world.
Video credits to Mediatime Network
Palace Venice Museum
The Palace Venice Museum hosts praiseworthy artworks and several medieval, Renaissance, and contemporary collections.
The exhibit includes not only paintings or sculptures but also ancient art, jewels, porcelain, precious things and more.
The foundation dates back to 1916 when Austria decided to constitute a wide museum. Later in 1959, the museum was bought by the Italian State.