Vaccination for Italy
Is vaccination required for travel to Italy?
Well, yes, both CDC and WHO recommend these vaccines: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies, and influenza.
It is also true that being a developed country it's rare to contract those diseases. Especially if you follow some simple rules.
Which are these rules?
Hepatitis A - It is usually transmitted person-to-person through the fecal-oral route or consumption of contaminated food or water. The best tip is to only drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes in drinks too.
Hepatitis B - It is transmitted from one person to another via blood or fluids, if you'll do sex with unknown people use a condom.
Rabies - It spread to people from the saliva of infected animals. Animals most likely to transmit rabies in Italy include bats, rats.
If you'll travel to urbanized zone you'll probably be safe from rabies. Be careful if your is more an adventure holiday kind.
Influenza - It is caused by the Influenza virus, which spreads from infected persons to the nose or throat, from November to April is the period of increased risk. Influenza viruses are always changing and an annual vaccination is recommended.
Where are you from?
American travelers have diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus, or DPT, measles/mumps/rubella, or MMR, and poliovirus vaccine.
Canada travelers, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies, and influenza.
From the UK add Tetanus( spread through contamination of cuts, burns, and wounds with tetanus spores.)
Tick-borne Encephalitis - spread mainly through the bite of an infected tick. The risk is higher during the warmer months, for those exposed outside in forests, woods, and grassy areas.
Australia, hepatitis a and b, rabies, influenza.